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Vendors sell agricultural produce in Kingstown. Both the ULP and NDP have pledged to focus on the public sector if elected to government. (IWN photo)
Vendors sell agricultural produce in Kingstown. Both the ULP and NDP have pledged to focus on the public sector if elected to government. (IWN photo)

The two main political parties contesting the Dec. 9 general election are promising to focus on the private sector if elected to office.

The ruling Unity Labour Party (ULP) has promised an Office of the Private Sector, a proposal touted for years by the main opposition New Democratic Party (NDP), which said it will also end “the competition” between state and private enterprises.

The NDP outlined its policy position in its manifesto, which was released online last week, saying that a thriving private sector is the foundation of a growing economy.

“The government of St. Vincent and the Grenadines however appears not to understand this basic fact,” the NDP says, adding that evidence of this is seen in an estimated EC$60 million that the government owes to the private sector.

The party described the debt as “a crippling burden for a private sector already weighed down by some of the highest energy prices in the Caribbean” and said it will reduce it by 50 per cent within its first year in office, if elected.

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“The NDP’s position is that the debt to the private sector must be — and will be repaid.

“An NDP government will establish a Ministry of the Private Sector to facilitate the development and expansion of private industry in general and, in particular, we will immediately set up a working committee mandated to prepare an urgent plan for the repayment of this debt,” the party said.

“We consider that small and medium-sized enterprises are a critical factor in economic growth and we will create the conditions that will enable SMEs to play a major role in entrepreneurship, innovation and job creation.“

The NDP said that to create the environment in which small and medium-sized enterprises will thrive, an NDP government will “end the competition between government enterprises and SMEs”.

To aid SMEs, the NDP will also adopt and pursue appropriate fiscal and employment policies to promote an optimal economic environment and improve the attractiveness of entrepreneurship.

The manifesto says that the NDP will remove “the constraints to the development and growth of SMEs” through, a number of measures, including the re-establishment of a Development Bank to provide funding and financial support for SMEs, which is also on the NDP’s to-do list for year one, if elected.

There will also be establishment of a government-sponsored laboratory and Scientific Research Council to provide technical assistance for all new and expanding enterprises.

The NDP also said that it would establish a St. Vincent and the Grenadines Bureau of Standards, but a Bureau of Standards already exist and is located at Campden Park.

Many of the nation's private sector enterprises are headquartered in Kingstown, the nation's capital. (IWN photo)
Many of the nation’s private sector enterprises are headquartered in Kingstown, the nation’s capital. (IWN photo)

Fiscal incentives to the private sector include fostering strategic alliances between Vincentian and foreign companies to gain knowledge about market entry and export led activities.

The NDP also explained the role of its proposed Ministry of the Private sector, namely, to identify and seek to develop or expand a range of direct and indirect support services for SMEs.

These support services include business pre-start-up, start-up and development assistance; business plan development and follow-up, and business incubators, namely — legal, accounting and financial services.

Other support services that the ministry will provide are information services, including advice on government policies.

The ministry will also advise on the effective application of information, communication and business technologies to the business process.

It will provide consultancy and research services; managerial and vocational skills enhancement; and promotion and development of enterprise- based training;

The ULP also outlined the ways in which it hopes to strengthen the private sector if elected to a fourth consecutive term in office.

Addressing a rally at the Richmond Hill Playing Field on Nov. 7, during which he announced the election date, Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves said the ULP will target a further reduction of the standard rate of corporate and income tax from 32.5 per cent to at least 27 per cent over the next five years.

A ULP government will work through the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union mechanisms to establish an Enterprise Fund and a Regional Development Bank for the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) to source credit facilities at competitive prices for start-up, business expansion, working capital, and private sector development generally, Gonsalves said.

The party will also strengthen the state-owned   Farmers’ Support Company to benefit farmers, fisherfolk, and agro-processors. The company provides loans to these groups of entrepreneurs at subsidised rates of interest.

If re-elected, the ULP government will build even more public-private sector partnerships and promote further innovation and productivity at all levels in the private sector, Gonsalves said.

It will also facilitate the enhanced used of information communication technology in private sector development and promote increased private sector participation/representation in regional, hemispheric and global negotiations;

The government will also address further to improve, in practical terms, each of the indicators/criteria in the World Bank’s “Ease of Doing Business” Assessment, and include even more private sector personalities on the boards and management structures of the public enterprises.

The government will also work with the private sector to create more jobs through various incentives and facilitations and set up an Office of Private Sector Development in the Ministry of Economic Development to better interface with businesses and their representatives, Gonsalves told party supporters.

The private sector in SVG has come under much strain over the past few years, with scores of businesses, including decades-old enterprises, closing their doors or scaling down their operations significantly.

5 replies on “Major political parties promise focus on private sector over next 5 years ”

  1. Both parties are fearful of addressing the most important private sector issue of all: the unwillingness of many small and medium sized businesses to pay their legally mandated business and income taxes.

    Hundreds of millions of dollars of income and related taxes go unpaid every year because of the inability and/or unwillingness of governments representing all manner of political parties to try hard to collect taxes, especially from their supporters.

    The result is sky-high import duties and VAT taxes which are much easier to collect but have a far greater adverse effect on the lives of low income and no-income people and a far worse effect on economic development, as any economist knows.

    All VAT taxes could be easily abolished if all income and business taxes were collected.

    1. I agree, if the tax base is increased then the individual rates can be decreased. The fact that the point at which income tax becomes a factor is XCD $18,000 a year can be raised and this can help in some small way to attract professionals to come and for persons even to set up business ventures here.

  2. Mr ben-David makes a good point. The main reason why SVG goes backwards economically is the astronomically high taxes. The NDP may talk about Fiscal Incentives, but what incentives? Gonsalves wants to lower the Corporate Income tax to 27%. That is a drop in the bucket. Cuba lowered theirs from 30% to 15% not to mention an 8 year waiver. No tax for 8 years. Singapore has a Corporate tax of 9% for Singapore Companies with a 3 year waiver. (in needed sectors such as Agriculture it is 6%) Corporate Tax in SVG is actually 34% and not 32.5%, and NO WAIVER. Under Sir James the tax was 40% which made SVG tax about the third highest in the world. Of course the VAT is what has done lots of destruction to SVG.
    Not only are the taxes too high but when you import anything the Customs of SVG love to find a way to make you pay more duty than what the law allows. That destroys incentives. Don’t forget that every time a small poor business person has to import anything they also have to pay an additional 100.$ to a Customs broker. When I have imported in other countries I found it only takes minutes for a small shipment and the cost of duty is always in single digits. In SVG it takes days and costs you not only in time but lots of money.
    SVG is a very business unfriendly country.

  3. SVG has a street-vender Economy. Street vendor is the largest employment sector in SVG. This is because you pay the least, or NO taxes in most cases.

  4. These vendors don’t even pay import duties on much of what they sell because they take advantage of the duty-free Christmas concession. Many of them get relatives and friends to pick up their barrels to escape the duty-free import limit.

    Nor do they pay any VAT.

    Nor do they have to pay rent, utilities, or employee salaries.

    All the politicians know this but no political party is going to touch this issue because of the large number of votes involved, even though this practice makes our country worse off.

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