By C. ben-David
“Shithole: an extremely dirty, shabby, or otherwise unpleasant place” (Oxford dictionary)
I first heard the term “shitty” used to refer to our mainland nearly 50 years ago. My older brother revealed that some white acquaintances of his who had fled Trinidad for America during its “Black Power” days said this is what Trinidadians often called our beloved island of St. Vincent. Since there were thousands of Vincentians living and working in Trinidad, migrants forced to leave home because of economic adversity, I assumed that this disparaging term must have come from them, if only because relatively few Trinidadians have ever spent much time here.
Our inability to meet the economic needs and aspirations of our people including even many of our white masters during the latter years of the sugar-based slavery era — a determinative natural result of our small size and lack of resources except hilly farmland — has always been with us.
Since the end of slavery and the decline in sugar cultivation and profits, which also marked the end of our highest level of endogenous prosperity, our mainland has bounced from pillar to post exploring one economic strategy after another: export agriculture, light factory manufacturing, telemarketing, offshore banking, and tourism. None of these efforts have succeeded in transforming our society into a highly productive and prosperous one.
Instead, our lower-middle income status is propped up by monies from external sources: remittances from tens of thousands of migrants working in much richer countries; grants from various government and public agencies; and loans. If these outside sources of funds suddenly disappeared, we would quickly nosedive to mass poverty.
This is partly why many of our own people, at home and abroad, often use very disparaging language to describe our mainland and its people: poor, stagnant, boring, corrupt, lazy, lawless, nasty, dirty, rusty.
More particularly, many of our own citizens habitually refer to our capital city, Kingstown, as a “shithole” full of ugly or dilapidated buildings and scruffy people.
Likewise, many commentators have described, often using revealing photographs, the widespread dumping of garbage in rivers and on public and private lands, together with the decrepit state of our roads, rivers, and private and public buildings.
Even Buccament Bay resort, the now thorny crown in our collection of mainland tourism jewels, is quickly turning into nothing short of a shithole replete with a rickety entrance bridge, broken pathways, decaying and moldy buildings, garbage dumping, and the gradual return of the indigenous black sand.
Other well-known negative attributes of our country and its people are: low economic growth; high unemployment and higher underemployment; low worker productivity and motivation; high out-migration; poor schools featuring low standards; low levels of functional literacy; inadequate medical care; high levels of welfare dependency; accelerating levels of mostly informal prostitution; among the highest crime and murder rates in the world; growing rates of burglary, robbery, and theft; and a pervasive anti-intellectualism.
This last trait was just pointed out by Jomo Thomas in his Jan. 12, 2018 The Vincentian newspaper column where he argued:
“I am not that old, but I remember the times when all of SVG was teeming with ideas, conversations, discussions and arguments; when everyone held fast to their beliefs but was willing to put them up to investigation and inquiry. Debate was everywhere, and it was not a test of debating skills. It was a test of ideas about what was wrong with society and what was to be done to take the country forward…. Group think should be frowned on because it is a form of mind control that attempts to choke off inquiry…. SVG has become an intellectual wasteland. The time has come for us to fertilize our minds again.”
Those who claim that all our woes are rooted in slavery and colonial/post-colonial exploitation need to offer evidence that we would be a far more developed country today if British colonialism and slavery had never taken place. In doing so, they would also have to tell us why life in St. Vincent, whether it concerns intellectual curiosity, crime, or the state of our rural and urban environments, have all deteriorated since independence in 1979.
Conversely, they would have to explain why scores of countries and regions around the world that never experienced foreign colonialism and slavery, including many in Africa deliberately ignored by Walter Rodney in his influential but deeply flawed polemical book, How Europe Underdeveloped Africa (1972) (which has been called “bad history” and “dishonest”), are far poorer and more underdeveloped than we are.
Finally, they would have to tell us why some of the richest places of earth — Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Curacao, Puerto Rico, Saint Martin, and Turks and Caicos Islands — are former slaves societies still ruled over as colonial possessions.
The views expressed herein are those of the writer and do not necessarily represent the opinions or editorial position of iWitness News. Opinion pieces can be submitted to [email protected]
The views expressed herein are those of the writer and do not necessarily represent the opinions or editorial position of iWitness News. Opinion pieces can be submitted to [email protected].
Puerto rico is not a rich country far from it it’s a well fare state years of mismanagement have left it in billions of dollars in death. Crime infested and over 60 percent of the population on welfare and are consider to be lazy.
I have proposed a few simple fixes to this vending issue. The Government can simply consider the following:
Contract a company from overseas possible China to construct some 3 feet high by 4 feet width by 4 feet depth stalls from PVC. They can also have the stalls built locally by an approved contractor from 2 by 4a and plywood or with bamboo. These stalls would be painted in approved colours. They can be rented or lease by the Town Board. Only approved stalls would be permitted in Kingstown.
When the stalls begin to show signs of deterioration they should be repaired or destroyed. Each stall would be fitted with an umbrella in the center. A chair would also be provided. The top level would be used to display produce while the lower levels will be used to store excess.
The longer term strategy is to completely demolish Little Tokyo and convert it into an outdoor vegetable market. This means that Little Tokyo would be the Vegetable, fish and meat market combine only.
Finally, the Government should contruct an arts and crafts market opposite the Central Police Station. The arts and crafts market would be used to house all local textile, arts and crafts vendors along with a few restaurants.
No vending would be allowed anywhere else once these options are put in place. There needs to be however a Force of Auxillary Police Officers or Special Constables to enforce standards of cleanliness in Kingstown or we fighting a loosing battle.
The battle for Kingstown’s street has already been won by the vendors and there will be no turning back by this or the next government.
Yes, pervasive political mismagement and rampant corruption are features of shithole countries.
The term call also apply to cities as well, including several in the United States where poor governance, a lack of resources, declining economic opportunities, high crime rates, and urban flight have turned places like Detroit into shitholes.
I believe that SVG can become one of the most properous countries in the world if we focus our development and behaviors around exploiting our greatest asset, the environment. We sing about this in our national anthem but our policy making, law enforcement and corporate and individual actions do not reflect our pledge to our nation. Take the example of Singapore, a small densely populated island-state yet one of the richest countries in the world. When they embarked on the audacious dream to transform themselves from a third world country to a first world country they got there by holding unswerving to three simple development principles:
1) Achieving first world standards in infrastructure
2) Achieving first world standards in maintenance
3) Achieving first word standards in human behavior.
In the Vincentian context principle # 1 is relatively easy, where we continue to falter is in achieving principles 2 and 3. But the formula is solid and will work if we apply it here in St.Vincent, supported by policy, education and enforcement.
I erred by saying we are a “lower-middle income” country. Actually, we are an upper-middle income country.
I think WE first need to change the mind of the people before any infrastructure is been worked upon. St Vincent is indeed a unique beautiful place, maybe govern by the wrong set of people. ……….
Those who govern and those who are governed are two sides of the same coin: we deserve them and they deserve us.
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