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Michael Hailu

Michael Hailu, director of the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Co-operation. (iWN file photo)

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By Kenton X. Chance 

BRIDGETOWN, Barbados — Young people have an important role to play in food production and agriculture throughout the Africa, the Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States.

But if the sector is to be attractive to young people, agriculture has to be made “much more modern, much more attractive, much more profitable,” says Michael Hailu, director of the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Co-operation (CTA), which works in agriculture in the ACP region.

“So we have to talk about not just agriculture; we have to talk about agribusiness. So, the angle we take in our work in terms of youth engagement in agriculture is we shouldn’t treat agriculture as a sustenance sector, we should treat it as a business,” he told iWitness News during Caribbean Week of Agriculture (CWA 2018) last month.

The 15th Caribbean Week of Agriculture was held under the theme “Strengthening Agriculture for a Healthier Future in the Region”.

It provides a forum for ministers of agriculture, planners, regional organisations and other key agricultural stakeholders in the public and private sectors of the region, to meet to discuss major issues affecting the agricultural sector in the region.

During the five-day period of the event, regional organisations took the opportunity to host a number of workshops.

Among the topics to be covered under the technical workshops are the development of the regional coconut industry, youth employment and entrepreneurship, climate resilience in the agriculture and fisheries sectors, small ruminants and the school feeding programme.

Hailu said the majority of the population of ACP countries — sometimes 50 or 60 per cent of the population — is below the age of 30.

“… so that means there is a whole issue of food and nutrition security but also related to employment and decent jobs,” he said, adding that the region has to get many of its young people interested and working in the agricultural sector.

“… and we believe that there is a lot of opportunities, whereas the interest of young people is not that much in going into agriculture,” he told iWitness News.

“So we believe the issue of youth is central to the issue of agriculture and the issue of sustainable agriculture and agribusiness in African, Caribbean and Pacific countries and for the Caribbean is very important,” he said.

Hailu said the CTA sees one of the central entry points for young people in the agricultural sector as being leveraging technology, especially, ICT to generate interest in the sector.

He said his organisation has a number of programmes encouraging young entrepreneurs providing digital solutions in the agricultural sector.

He said that while there have been areas of success where a lot of young people have entered the agriculture sector and become successful, there is still a far way to go.

“But still, when you look at the number of young people entering the labour market, and how many of those are actually engaged in agriculture, agribusiness, you still have a long way to go. So that means we have to do a lot of work around mindset change, we have to make a lot effort to make agriculture more modern, exciting and attractive to young people, we have to work around the policy environment, the enabling environment because young people really find it difficult to access capital, to access land, all the support that’s needed to make agriculture a success.”

“We import huge amounts of agricultural products from outside. That’s basically exporting jobs, because if you import billions of dollars of agricultural products which you can produce locally, it means you are depriving young people of the opportunity to be employed or to develop that sector and be able to employ people,” Hailu said.

Speaking during CWA 2018, Richard Brown, CARICOM Secretariat director of the CARICOM Single Market and Economy Sectoral Programmes said:

“… greater youth involvement in agriculture is not only important in bringing new ideas and vitality to the sector but also guaranteeing sustainability well into the future.”

CTA is a joint institution operating under the framework of the Cotonou Agreement between the ACP Group of States and the European Union). CTA is funded by the European Union.

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4 replies on “Tell youth ‘agribusiness’, not just ‘agriculture’ ”

  1. Export agriculture and large portion of local production are dead in most of the small, hilly islands of the Caribbean because, well, they are small and hilly thereby making the use of expensive machinery prohibitive especially in places where the former plantations have been subdivided.

    Even a holding of 100 acres, large by small-island standards, is uncompetive in the export production because of economies of scale which is why small estates were quickly bought up to produce large estates during the sugar cane era and why bananas died in most places after trade preferences in European market were removed.

    That is why these conferences, meetings, and workshops that endlessly preach the same tired sermon only benefit the well-paid employees — people who wouldn’t even know which end of a hoe to pick up — of the organizations that host them.

    1. Duke DeArment says:

      Your information is all true. There are so many factors to explain why agriculture is failing. The main reason is because it is unprofitable, especially in SVG. Recently Ginger prices were high and many made very good money. In some years farmers actually lose money. There is a lot of risk. An average wage for a farm worker in SVG is 18 US$ a day. In most of South America it is 2 US$ a day. In most of Africa it is 1.20 US$ a day. We can never compete with that. To ship things from SVG costs far more than to ship from these other places. Even the best efforts from Government will not get us close to competing with these prices. We would have to drastically reduce taxes and impose tarrifs along with the constant officials in thier white shirts that have never even been to a farm, giving all thier advice on what all the rest of us should do. At best we can only look for niche markets locally in order to make a dollar.

      1. Your emphasis on “niche markets” is right on. Why do we always have think big — big airport, big hotels, big banana production, big this and big that — when a lot of small efforts in many areas quickly add up and is the only way we can make a living in a small country with few resources and a generally unproductive labour force.

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