The discussion on marijuana has heightened within the last several months and is getting much needed national attention. The government, in its effort to set conditions to enable the establishment of medical cannabis/marijuana industry, has brought three bills before the Parliament to set the legal basis for this industry.
The bills before the parliament are:
- Medical Cannabis Industry Bill
- The Permitted Use of Cannabis for Religious Purposes Bill
- Cannabis Cultivation Amnesty Bill
The advancement in science and technology has exposed many myths and falsehoods surrounding cannabis/marijuana. The discussion on the way forward is hindered by varying views rooted in baseless and unfounded statements regarding marijuana and its usage. Every day the world is rapidly opening up to the understanding that marijuana, a herb, it is not a narcotic but a plant with many benefits for mankind.
The NDP is fully in tune with the developments taking place worldwide and is cognisant of the history of the region and here at home with regards to the usage of marijuana as medicine and for recreation. The compelling arguments in support of marijuana as a major source of much-needed income have motivated the government to set up a full-scale marijuana industry with the intention of making tonnes of money. As a party, we believe that any attempt to create a full-scale marijuana industry must bring major benefits to local farmers, especially the traditional marijuana farmers who for decades have sacrificed a lot to keep “Vincy weed” a viable commodity.
However, we in the New Democratic Party (NDP) have come to the conclusion that the approach by the Unity Labour Party (ULP) administration to bring these bills in their present form does very little to change the status of the present marijuana growers and users in St. Vincent and the Grenadines.
The cultivation of marijuana is one aspect of the cannabis industry with which Vincentians have long and valuable experience. Most cultivation of marijuana/cannabis takes place in the northwestern portion of the country on Crown lands. Almost everyone who plants marijuana is squatting on Crown lands. The crop is grown miles away in the foothills of La Soufriere mountain range away from police attention and possible thieves who usually target marijuana as easy picking if left unattended. The climatic conditions are also ideal for the growing process.
In the proposed cannabis industry bill, in order to be considered for a license to cultivate marijuana an applicant must show some form of control of the land where the marijuana will be planted. A marijuana farmer has to show ownership or leasehold or a document of some sort that will indicate that he has land legal access to the land. The bills also make provision to prohibit the planting of marijuana above certain contours so as to protect the forest reserve. In essence, after the bills are passed, marijuana farmers will not be permitted to plant where most of the marijuana is being planted now. The NDP is of the view that this is a serious issue that needs urgent attention. The land on which medical marijuana is to be planted is a matter of major concern that must be addressed.
The empowerment of the local farmers, especially the “traditional farmers”, is not promoted by the Bills. This is undermined by the draft bills. There are no provisions being made for them to be given any financial resources in this new medical marijuana regime. Notably, the proposed law does not provide for a co-operative or similar entity that will cater for the hundreds of small “traditional” farmers involved in marijuana cultivation. The traditional farmers are left on their own to face investors in terms of pricing and marketing. Each of them must negotiate price, quality and other terms of contracts essentially on his own. The pending bills have set out the way the industry will be set up and managed. It is evident that a lot of financial resources will be needed for farmers to be involved in the new industry. The present marijuana farmers do not have the means to compete, especially if left on their own without government making resources available to them to get started. It is, therefore, correct to suggest that the present bill will not benefit traditional farmers and will in fact marginalised the pioneers who have been the vanguard of the marijuana industry for many years. Partnerships between traditional farmers and investors, local or foreign, should be encouraged and every effort should be made by
Government to ensure that traditional farmers are not put at a disadvantage or short-changed.
The bills in their present form speak very little in terms of law reform. At the end of the day, a person smoking a “spliff” can be locked up. The farmer caught growing marijuana without a license will still be committing a crime. Also, anyone caught transporting marijuana will still be a crime. The bills do not in any way address these concerns. Every effort must be made to introduce law reform that will allow marijuana-related arrests, convictions and imprisonment to be removed. These are some of the major concerns that the New Democratic Party has with these bills and as a result, the party sees the need to seriously address the marijuana issue in this context.
The idea of putting measures in place to enable the setting up of a medical marijuana industry is not an original one in the Caribbean content and therefore it would be sensible to learn from the Jamaican experience. Jamaica, in drafting its legislation took note of the country’s history with cannabis. In Jamaica, the parliament was very much aware that it may not have been a good idea to pursue a strict medical industry and ignore recreational use, which had deep roots among the people. In this respect, the Government of Jamaica allowed persons to have up to two ounces of marijuana for personal/recreational use. (To be continued)
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